OPHTHALMOLOGY FOR ANIMALS
Just as with human medicine, there are occasions when your veterinarian might suggest a referral to an eye specialist to better meet your pet’s needs.
Ann Gratzek, DVM, Diplomate ACVO and Elizabeth Curto, DVM, Diplomate ACVO, along with their team are here to help. We will work together with your veterinarian to diagnose and treat all conditions affecting the eye of your beloved pet.
Services We Provide
At Ophthalmology For Animals, we specialize in the treatment of all conditions that could affect the eyes of your pet. Our pets can suffer from numerous eye conditions and diseases, similar to humans, and our doctors are experts in the treatment, care and surgical intervention for these many conditions.
Our team of Board certified doctors and caring staff welcome your dog, cat, bird, reptile, horse or other exotic loved ones with our many years of experience and top level of care and comfort.
Below are just a few of the eye diseases we diagnose and manage for your pet.
CATARACT REMOVAL & MANAGEMENT
When evaluating the animal eye as a potential cataract candidate, the veterinary ophthalmologist will evaluate the status of the cataract and associated inflammation, the position of the lens, the status of the retina and cornea and the anatomy of the iridocorneal angle and vitreous. With this information, the pros and cons of surgery are discussed in light of your particular situation.
Since the retina is necessary for vision, retinal problems most often manifest as either partial or complete visual deficit. The most common signs are bumping into walls and furniture, inability to fetch toys, and being easily startled. Sometimes visual problems are noted only in certain lighting conditions (i.e. light vs. dark or day vs night). In animals with only partial vision loss or in those that become blind in only one eye, it is much more difficult to detect a problem at home because animals can compensate extremely well.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of vision loss in dogs and people. It is less common in cats and horses, but can occur in any species. Glaucoma is a painful disease in which the pressure inside the eye increases and causes damage to the structures responsible for vision. Elevated intraocular pressure results in the clinical signs that you may have noted at home (cloudy eye, redness, squinting). The longer the pressure in the eye is elevated, the more damage occurs to the structures in the eye responsible for vision (especially the retina and optic nerve), eventually resulting in permanent blindness.
Several eyelid abnormalities benefit from surgery. Surgery is utilized to correct inherited or acquired conformational abnormalities such as entropion, macroblepharon (excessive eyelid length), ectropion or eyelid agenesis, to remove tumors of the eyelids, or to treat distichiae and ectopic cilia. Surgery is catered to the specific eyelid issue of the patient. Treatment of entropion and ectropion depends on the cause and the age of the animal, but generally the goal is correcting the inversion or eversion to allow the eyelids to lie flat against the globe.
KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA (KCS) OR “DRY EYE”
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is a disease characterized by inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva (pink tissue covering the whites of the eyes and the inside of the eyelids) secondary to inadequate tear production by the tear glands. When an inadequate level of tears is present, debris and bacteria (that are normally washed away by the tears) build up and a thick mucous discharge forms. The disease is usually caused by inflammation of the lacrimal glands, but can also be caused by the toxic effect of certain drugs on the lacrimal glands or by lack of nerve innervation to the lacrimal glands.
Animals with uveitis can show a number of different signs, including blinking, squinting, watery discharge, light sensitivity, cloudiness or redness of the eye, or visual deficits. These signs can also be present in other eye diseases, such as glaucoma, corneal ulcer, etc., so it is very important for your pet to be examined by a veterinary ophthalmologist to determine the exact nature of the eye problem. A veterinary ophthalmologist will use a number of different instruments to illuminate and magnify the structures of the eye in order to make a diagnosis of uveitis.
2 Harris Court, Suite A-1
Monterey, CA 93940
HOURS: Monday-Wed., Saturday, & every other Thursday
PHONE: (831) 655-4939
FAX: (831) 920-2324